Highlights & Summary of the Tax Relief Act of 2010

I promised to keep you updated on the tax bill that was before congress which essentially extends the Bush era tax cuts for two years. Here are the highlights and full summary with more details to come in the next couple of weeks:

On Thursday December 16, 2010, Congress passed the Tax Relief, Unemployment Insurance Re-authorization and Job Creation Act of 2010. President Obama just signed the bill this afternoon Friday December 17, 2010.  This legislation, negotiated by the White House and select members of the House and Senate, provides for a short-term extension of Bush era tax cuts made in 2001.  It also addresses the Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) and Estate, Gift and Generation-skipping Transfer taxes.

The following summary will provide you with key information and highlights from the bill with help from the Financial Planning Association. If you have any additional questions, please do not hesitate to contact me at (734) 447-5305 or at hf@ydfs.com. I hope that you find this summary useful for your personal and business affairs.

HIGHLIGHTS

Two-year extension of all current tax rates through 2012

  • Rates remain 10, 25, 28, 33, and 35 percent
  • 2-year extension of reduced 0 or 15 percent rate for capital gains & dividends
  • 2-year continued repeal of Personal Exemption Phase-out (PEP) & itemized deduction limitation

Temporary modification of Estate, Gift and Generation-Skipping Transfer Tax for 2010, 2011, 2012

  • Reunification of estate and gift taxes
  • 35% top rate and $5 million exemption for estate, gift and GST
  • Alternatively, taxpayer may choose modified carryover basis for 2010
  • Unused exemption may be transferred to spouse
  • Exemption amount indexed for inflation in 2012

AMT Patch for 2010 and 2011

  • Increases the exemption amounts for 2010 to $47,450 ($72,450 married filing jointly) and for 2011 to $48,450 ($74,450 married filing jointly).  It also allows the nonrefundable personal credits against the AMT.

Extension of “tax extenders” for 2010 and 2011, including:

  • Tax-free distributions of up to $100,000 from individual retirement plans for charitable purposes
  • Above-the-line deduction for qualified tuition and related expenses
  • Expanded Coverdell Accounts and definition of education expenses
  • American Opportunity Tax Credit for tuition expenses of up to $2,500
  • Deduction of state and local general sales taxes
  • 30-percent credit for energy-efficiency improvements to the home
  • Exclusion of qualified small business capital gains

Temporary Employee Payroll Tax Cut

  • Provides a payroll tax holiday during 2011 of two percentage points. Employees will pay only 4.2 percent on wages and self-employed individuals will pay only 10.4 percent on self-employment income up to $106,800.

FULL SUMMARY

Reductions in Individual Income Tax Rates through 2012

  • Income brackets remain 10, 25, 28, 33, and 35 percent
  • Capital gains and dividend rates remain at 0 or 15 percent
  • Repeal of the Personal Exemption Phase-out (PEP)
  • Repeal of the itemized deduction limitation (Pease limitation)
  • Marriage penalty relief
  • Expanded dependent care credit
  • Child Tax Credit
  • Earned income tax credit

Education Incentives Extended Through 2012

  • Expanded Coverdell accounts and definition of education expenses
  • Expanded exclusion for employer-provided educational assistance of up to $5,250
  • Expanded student loan interest deduction
  • Exclusion from income of amounts received under certain scholarship programs
  • American Opportunity Tax Credit of up to $2,500 for tuition expenses

Extension of Certain Expiring Provision for Individuals through 2011

  • Above-the-line deduction for qualified tuition and related expenses
  • Tax-free distributions of up to $100,000 from individual retirement plans for charitable purposes.  Donors may treat donations made in January 2001 as if made in 2010.
  • 30-percent credit for energy-efficiency improvements to the home
  • Deduction of state and local general sales taxes
  • Parity for employer-provided mass transit benefits
  • Contributions of capital gain real property for conservation purposes
  • Deductibility of mortgage insurance premiums for qualified residence
  • Estate tax look-through of certain Regulated Investment Company (RIC) stock held by nonresidents for decedents dying before January 1, 2012
  • Above-the-line deduction for certain expenses of elementary and secondary school teachers

Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) Relief

  • The legislation increases the exemption amounts for 2010 to $47,450 (individuals) and $72,450 (married filing jointly) and for 2011 to $48,450 (individuals) and $74,450 (married filing jointly).  It also allows the nonrefundable personal credits against the AMT.

Temporary Estate Tax Relief and Modification of Gift and Generation-skipping Transfer Taxes

  • Higher exemption, lower rate. The legislation sets the exemption at $5 million per person and $10 million per couple and a top tax rate of 35 percent for the estate, gift, and generation skipping transfer taxes for two years, through 2012. The exemption amount is indexed beginning in 2012. The proposal is effective January 1, 2010, but allows an election to choose no estate tax and modified carryover basis for estates arising on or after January 1, 2010 and before January 1, 2011. The proposal sets a $5 million generation-skipping transfer tax exemption and zero percent rate for the 2010 year.
  • Portability of unused exemption. Under current law, couples have to do complicated estate planning to claim their entire exemption.  The proposal allows the executor of a deceased spouse’s estate to transfer any unused exemption to the surviving spouse without such planning. The proposal is effective for estates of decedents dying after December 31, 2010.
  • Reunification of estate and gift taxes. Prior to the 2001 tax cuts, the estate and gift taxes were unified, creating a single graduated rate schedule for both. That single lifetime exemption could be used for gifts and/or bequests. The proposal reunifies the estate and gift taxes. The proposal is effective for gifts made after December 31, 2010.
  • As noted above. the look-through of RIC stock held by non-resident decedents is extended through 2011

Temporary Extension of Investment Incentives

  • Extension of bonus depreciation for taxable years 2011 and 2012
  • Small Business Expensing: increase in the maximum amount and phase-out threshold under section 179. Sets the maximum amount and phase-out threshold for taxable years 2012 at $125,000 and $500,000 respectively, indexed for inflation.  (Previously-passed legislation raised the 2010 and 2011 max amount and phase-out at $500,000 and $2,000,000 respectively.)

Extension of Certain Expiring Provisions for Businesses through 2011

  • Enhanced charitable deduction for corporate contributions of computer equipment for educational purposes
  • Enhanced charitable deduction for contributions of food inventory
  • Enhanced charitable deduction for contributions of book inventories to public schools
  • Special rule for S corporations making charitable contributions of property
  • 15-year straight-line cost recovery for qualified leasehold improvements
  • Employer wage credit for activated military reservists
  • Tax benefits for certain real estate developments
  • Extension of expensing of environmental remediation costs
  • Treatment of interest-related dividends and short term capital gain dividends of Regulated Investment Companies (RICs)
  • Work opportunity tax credit (WOTC)
  • 100% Exclusion of qualified small business capital gains held for more than 5 years
  • Research credit
  • Qualified Zone Academy bonds

Extension of Unemployment Insurance

  • The unemployment insurance proposal provides a one-year re-authorization of federal UI benefits.

Temporary Employee Payroll Tax Cut

  • The legislation creates a payroll/self-employment tax holiday during 2011 of two percentage points. The employer’s share of the payroll tax remains unchanged.  This means employees will pay only 4.2 percent on wages and self-employed individuals will pay only 10.4 percent on self-employment income up to $106,800.  The social security trust fund is made whole by transfers from the general fund.

Please check out my January-February 2010 Money Magazine Portfolio Makeover-Can I retire Early? http://bit.ly/5aGwIO

Have a small business?  Don’t miss out on these business tax deductions http://bit.ly/a49I1K

6 Ways To Gift Money to Family http://bit.ly/aDG90W

Follow me on Twitter at http://twitter.com/TheMoneyGeek for relevant personal finance advice and tips on great deals.

Read our blog: http://themoneygeek.com

YDream Financial Services, Inc. is providing this information as a service to its subscribers. While this information deals with tax and legal issues, it does not constitute tax or legal advice and cannot be relied upon as such for avoidance of penalties in matters before the IRS. If you have specific questions related to this information, you are encouraged to consult us, a tax professional or an attorney who can investigate the particular circumstances of your situation.

Sources: U.S. Senate Committee on Finance; U.S. Congress Joint Committee on Taxation

Sam H. Fawaz CFP®, CPA is president of YDream Financial Services, Inc., a registered investment advisor. Sam is a Certified Financial Planner (CFP®), Certified Public Accountant and registered member of the National Association of Personal Financial Advisors (NAPFA) fee-only financial planner group.  Sam has expertise in many areas of personal finance and wealth management and has always been fascinated with the role of money in society.  Helping others prosper and succeed has been Sam’s mission since he decided to dedicate his life to financial planning.  He specializes in entrepreneurs, professionals, company executives and their families.

All material presented herein is believed to be reliable, but we cannot attest to its accuracy.  Investment recommendations may change and readers are urged to check with their investment advisors before making any investment decisions.  Opinions expressed in this writing by Sam H. Fawaz are his own, may change without prior notice and should not be relied upon as a basis for making investment or planning decisions.  No person can accurately forecast or call a market top or bottom, so forward looking statements should be discounted and not relied upon as a basis for investing or trading decisions. This message was authored by Sam H. Fawaz CPA, CFP® and the Financial Planning Association(of which Sam is a member) and is provided by YDream Financial Services, Inc.

Update on Extension of Bush Era Tax Cuts

I promised to update you on progress in changes to income tax legislation that affects all of us in 2011.  As you may recall, the Bush-era tax cuts were scheduled to expire after 2010, which essentially amounts to a tax increase if Congress didn’t act to extend them.

After the stock market close yesterday, President Obama, in a televised speech, announced a compromise with Republicans in Congress which, if passed into law, would amount to a much bigger fiscal package in 2011 than virtually anyone expected. In addition to a two-year extension of the Bush-era tax cuts, he added a one-year reduction in the payroll tax and a huge investment tax credit.  While the ultimate bill that gets passed may be different than detailed below, I wanted to get you some details right away.

I would expect that the proposal will be signed and turned into law in the next couple of weeks.  Among the highlights of the proposed bill are:

— A two year extension of tax cuts for all income levels.   The 15% rate on capital gains and dividend income would also be extended as part of the deal. The president also proposes a 35% estate tax rate, with a $5 million exemption.  It appears that the President traded tax extensions for the “rich” for unemployment benefit extensions and the below payroll tax deduction.

— Payroll tax deduction. This would reduce the 6.2% Social Security payroll tax applied to employee wages by 2 percentage points.

— Renewal of emergency unemployment benefits through the end of 2011. This would be more than the three-month extension most analysts had expected. It puts around $60 billion in the hands of unemployed citizens, which is much more than the consensus expected.

— ARRA tax cut extensions. Several small tax cuts in the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act, passed in 2009, will be extended, including an expanded earned income tax credit, and various education-related tax breaks.

— Full expensing of business investments in 2011.  This would allow the expensing of business investment in 2011, similar to the policy that the president proposed in September.  It will allow companies to deduct the entire cost of capital expenditures on their taxes rather than depreciate them.

Congress and the White House will need to work out the details, but I expect this tax bill to pass. It’s not likely that this lame duck Congress would leave for the holidays until this is sent to the President for his signature.  It’s rare that I pity the Internal Revenue Service, but with tax forms to revamp and guidance and rules to formulate, they will be behind the curve on getting this out.  I would expect some delays of 2010 income tax refunds for returns filed early, but none that are terribly lengthy.

The stock markets have been expecting this, and some of it already factored into current levels, but I still expect market reaction to be positive and further bolster any Santa Claus rally we may have coming.  This is essentially another huge fiscal stimulus plan, perhaps larger than any of us have been expecting or realize.

I’ve been saying all along that Congress will “hem and haw”, posture for their constituents, and pretend to be against tax cuts and for fiscal responsibility.  But ultimately the economy is too fragile to be saddled with a tax increase this year or next. Even I am a bit surprised by the depth and breadth of the bill, but I could not see Congress not doing something before year-end. Failing to pass something would have amounted to a quantitative easing neutralizer (i.e., rendering quantitative easing worthless).

I will keep my eyes and ears peeled open for more details about this bill and its ultimate passage and will let you know what ultimately gets passed. If you, a family member, friend or colleague would like more information about this or just need to talk about a financial situation, please feel free to forward a link to this post to them and suggest they get in touch with me (http://www.ydfs.com).  I will be sure to take good care of them.  As always, I’m available for any questions you may have and welcome your comments.

Have a great holiday season and look for my year-end and 2011 Economic and Market Outlook letter later this month.

Don’t Be a Victim of Corrupt or Unscrupulous Financial Planners/Advisors

A late night news story on a Metro Detroit television station last night tells the tale of a couple (and others) robbed of their retirement by their financial adviser-here’s a link: http://bit.ly/eXgpO0

Some of you may have seen this video last night, got up, checked your online accounts, and wondered how you can avoid being an unwitting victim of an unscrupulous financial adviser or planner. Everyone would do well to heed the advice given at the end of the video.

Last year, I sent out a message on how you can avoid being Madoff’ed (see below), a reference to the New York investment adviser who bilked his clients, charities and investors of billions of their hard earned money. Bernie Madoff is currently spending a 150 year sentence in a Federal prison and his possessions are being auctioned off to repay a mere fraction of his victims’ losses.  I also sent out a message with Five Tips to Avoid Potential Investment Fraud (link below).

So what do we do at YDream Financial Services to help you sleep better and know that you’ll never become a victim of financial fraud? In cooperation with our custodian, TD Ameritrade Institutional, we have processes and procedures in place to ensure that you never become a victim to the extent that it is within our control.  In fact, I’ve written two short articles on this blog over the past couple of years that will help you rest easier knowing that your money is safe, sound and well protected:

How Consumers Can Avoid Being “Madoff’ed” https://themoneygeek.com/2009/03/24/how-consumers-can-avoid-being-madoffed/

Five Tips to Avoid Potential Investment Fraud https://themoneygeek.com/2009/04/13/five-tips-to-avoid-potential-investment-fraud/

I urge you to review these short two articles whether you are a client or not and protect what you’ve worked so hard to save and invest. If you have any question or concerns, please don’t hesitate to call or e-mail me (visit my website at http://www.ydfs.com). I will explain further how we take extreme measures to not only protect your money, but your personal and confidential information as well. Your trust in me is the most valuable asset I hold; I will work extremely hard to protect it.

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